Workplace drug use is on the rise. After years of steadily declining, the percentage of American workers testing positive for drug use has steadily risen and reached a decade-long high in 2015. Some of the nation’s largest drug testing labs have indicated that the positivity rate in 2015 rose to 4 percent—a level not seen since 20051. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence Inc. (NCADD), drug abuse costs employers $81 billion annually2 through lost productivity, workplace accidents and injuries, employee absenteeism, low morale, and increased illness.
Signs that an employee may be using drugs include inconsistent work quality, poor concentration, increased absenteeism, unexplained disappearances from the workplace, carelessness and disregard for job site safety, extended lunches and early departures, and deterioration in personal appearance and/or hygiene, among others.
While these signs may be indicative of drug use, employee drug testing can provide employers with certainty that their workplace is drug-free. Many employers drug test pre-employment, but there are other kinds of drug testing, including post-accident, random testing, return-to-duty, and post-rehabilitation.
Benefits of random drug testing include improved workplace safety and reduced company liability. A study of the effects of drug testing at the Southern Pacific Railroad showed that it resulted in accidents decreasing from 2,234 accidents before drug testing to just 322 in the first half of the fourth year of the drug-testing program. This represents a 71.2 percent annual decrease in accidents.3 Company costs may also be reduced through incentive programs offered by health insurance and other carriers including property, casualty, and liability insurance as well as Worker’s Compensation carriers. Long-term benefits of random drug testing are deterring current employees from engaging in drug use, preventing the need for substance abuse recovery programs, and improved employee morale and productivity.
There are many companies that can assist your business with drug testing. Before choosing a company, there are some considerations to take into account, like the number of drug tests you need and what type of test you want, whether it be a hair follicle drug test, urine drug test, or breath alcohol test. Each test has its pros and cons, so be sure to choose the drug test and testing company that can help your business create the best drug-free workplace.
Jessica Filippi is a freelance writer and editor with over a decade of publishing experience. Offering a full range of publishing services including editorial and proofreading, blog writing, and self-publishing, she may be contacted through her website, www.jessicafilippi.com, or directly at firstname.lastname@example.org.